Starting a poultry farming business in India is a lucrative opportunity for those looking to get into the agricultural industry. In order to be successful, it is important to understand the industry and the specific requirements for starting a poultry farm in India. This article will provide an overview of the poultry farming business in India and outline the steps necessary to get started.
How To Start Poultry Farming Business In India
When you ask yourself the question “How to start poultry farming business in India”, you would like to know that most of the points to consider have been covered in the table of content.
After starting a poultry farming project, there will be other factors related to the health and safety of owners, workers, and customers, and poultry farming business techniques. This includes providing a stable and secure infrastructure for production. This requires proper planning and support, especially from those new to the industry. The most important aspects are ideal location, properly secured infrastructure and equipment, verification by relevant health departments, and approval.
In addition, when it comes to how to start poultry farming business in India, you also need additional financing;
- Day-to-day farming demands
- Zoning and regulatory base awareness
- Proper Waste management systems
How Much Does It Cost To Start Poultry Farming Business In India?
To understand how much it costs to start a poultry farming business in India, let’s consider the cost of one of two types of poultry farming techniques – broilers (meat production) and layers (egg production).
Let’s look at the Costs Involved in Running A Broiler Farm
So let’s say you start with 1000 chickens, with a total area of 1050 square feet, with a total production time of 45 days. To calculate the costs involved, we need to consider the following;
Cost of Broiler Farm Shed:
- For an area of 1050 square feet, it costs Rs. 157,500 (Rs. 150 per sq. ft).
- However, rather than consider it as an expense, it can be seen as a one-time investment.
- There are different types of sheds according to the conditions of the area.
Cost of Broiler Chickens:
- The broiler chickens are available from the age of one day.
- The costs for the chickens varies depending on their breed.
- For the purpose of our discussion, let us take the cost of Rs. 40 per chicken for 1000 birds, it will be Rs. 40,000/-.
Cost of Chicken Feed for Broiler Poultry Farm:
- Since the total number of days is 45, let’s assume the birds need 6-10 kg of feed per day, which is a total of 270 – 450 kg of feed for 45 days.
- If we consider the feed cost as Rs. 20 per kg, then the total cost can range from Rs. 5400-Rs.9000 for 45 days.
- The price of feed again depends on its type and quality.
Cost of Farm Labour:
- Suppose four workers are needed to maintain 1000 chickens on a farm.
- Let us fix the price of daily wages at Rs. 150 per worker per day.
- So the cost of labor per day is Rs. 600 for 45 days, it costs around Rs. 27000/-
- Incidental expenses – electricity, water management, marketing costs, etc.
- We can calculate this cost at Rs.10 per chicken, so a total of Rs. 10,000.
Step-by-Step Strategy to Start a Poultry Farming Business
Step 1: Creating a business plan
A business plan is a plan that contains specifics on how to achieve business goals. A poultry farming business plan should ideally include the following:
- Finding a suitable location to start the poultry farm business.
- List of required equipment.
- Deciding on the variety of chickens on the farm.
- Details of processes like egg production, broiler breeding, etc.
- Specifics regarding various resources such as human resources, financial resources, etc.
- Marketing and advertising strategy plans.
- Information about required legal permissions, such as licenses and permits.
Step 2: Selection of Location and Obtaining Required Equipment
One of the most important steps is to find suitable land for business. This step is the most expensive when starting a business. The size of the plot may vary depending on the type and scale of the business. There are primarily four types of poultry farms, they are –
- Free Range Poultry Farm – Approximately 12,000 to 36,000 square feet is required as the birds will be free to roam.
- Semi Range Poultry Farm – An area of around 8000 square feet is required for this type of farm.
- Battery Cage Poultry Farm – About 6,000 square feet is required for birds and infrastructure. On this type of farm, the birds will not roam freely.
- Completely Wild Poultry Farm – This type of farm is similar to the bird’s natural habitat with lots of trees. This will require approximately 44,000 square feet.
Other factors to consider when choosing a location would be to find an area outside the city, preferably safe, quiet, and pollution-free, with easily available amenities such as fresh water and a market to purchase commodities. However, when commercializing poultry farming, it is always advisable to establish a poultry house on your property.
Additionally, it is essential to understand what equipment is needed for the operation of the business and to acquire it. But first, it is necessary to decide which system to follow. According to the conditions of India, 3 systems are suitable: intensive system, semi-intensive system, and extensive system.
Step 3: Deciding on the variant of bird used in the poultry farming business
India is home to one of the largest poultry markets in the world. Despite the presence of various types of birds such as chickens, geese, turkeys, ducks, guinea fowl, quail, and many others, poultry farms mainly raise chickens. There are more than 600 varieties of chicken worldwide and 92 are grown in India for meat and egg production. The 3 most common categories of chicken in India are as follows –
Broiler chickens – They have a high growth rate and can reach their full maturity in 8 weeks. Broiler chickens also have a large amount of meat.
Layer chickens – These birds are a unique breed among hens. They start laying from 18 to 19 weeks and may continue to do so until 72 to 78 weeks. Layers chickens can produce more than 250 eggs per year and consume around 2.25 kg of feed.
Rooster chickens – These birds, also known as a cock, is the male prey bird. When they are young, they are called cockerel, and they are called a rooster when they are adults they are called a rooster. They take time to grow up, but their territorial instincts allow them to guard the egg-laying hens. Roosters can quickly adapt to changing environments and therefore can be transported comfortably.
Step 4: Taking measures for the care and management of Poultry Farm
It is necessary to follow preventive measures to ensure the health and safety of the birds, which will help their proper upbringing and growth. There are certain threats in running a poultry farm, but the main one remains poultry diseases. It is essential to provide poultry with clean water, a nutritious diet, and regular vaccinations. Taking adequate measures and rigorous regulation will ensure that one does not face large losses due to diseases and other potential risks.
Step 5: Obtaining the required licenses/permits for starting a Poultry Farming Business
The legal aspects of poultry farming in India were not easy to navigate at first. However, in view of the growing demand for poultry products, the Government of India is taking steps to support and promote the poultry farming business. Thus, with the right legal assistance, after obtaining the required permits and licenses, a poultry farm in India can be set up and maintained without much maintenance.
The licenses that a poultry farm owner needs to obtain before starting a business in India are as follows:
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from local village Panchayat.
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from pollution authority.
- Permission to use electricity. One will need to use an electrical transformer depending on the size of the poultry house.
- License from the Ministry of Groundwater.
Step 6: Executing Effective Marketing and Advertising
After deciding on a name and a unique logo for the business, marketing of poultry products in India is easy due to the high demand. Products can be sold in the nearest markets and even transported to nearby cities, depending on the scale of production.
Profit from Poultry Farming Business
The poultry Farming Business is profitable in India. The average time to break even is estimated to be just 6 months. The size of the business plays a key role in making a profit. However, it is observed that even a small poultry farm makes a decent profit. In addition to limiting sales to only eggs and meat, one may choose to sell feathers and by-products such as manure for additional profits.
It is always advisable if you are planning to start your own poultry business, to visit a regular farm before starting to get a hands-on understanding of how a poultry farm works.
Q: How much does it cost to start a poultry farm in India?
Answer- The general amount of funds required to start a poultry farming business in India is around 50000 to 2 Lakh rupees.
Q: Is poultry farming a profitable business?
Answer- Poultry farming is one of the fastest growing and most profitable agricultural businesses in the current Indian market. Moreover, the poultry farming business is the best idea for those who want to pursue a successful agri-business career in India.
Q: Can poultry farming make you rich?
Answer- You can make your dream of earning huge money come true just by starting a small farming business. You can start poultry farming, the government will also help you. This business can be started for Rs 2 to 3 lakh.
Q: Is a chicken farm a good investment?
Answer- The chicken business is very profitable because people can use chickens for various purposes such as meat, eggs, and even feathers. Poultry production is one of the most profitable sectors in the United States economy, bringing in about $35.5 billion in 2020.
Q: After loss in the poultry farm What business should I start in my old farm?
Answer- You can start some Agri-Business such as Aloe-vera business, dairy farm business, and so many.
Q: In India Will small farmers profitable in poultry farming in the future as other business?
Answer- Poultry farming is one of the fastest growing and most profitable agricultural businesses in the current Indian market.